Rails Magic: Creating an App

The first place a new developer encounters Rails Magic is in creating a new app.

It’s an incredibly simple command, with a dizzying amount of action behind it.

Assuming you have Ruby and Rails installed, you need only open a terminal window and type:

rails new blog_app

BAM! Rails app created.

You now have a massive “blog_app” directory full of files, 100 lines of command line output, and no clue what just happened.

How did the app get created?

Do you really need 40+ files for a simple blog app?

To understand how your Rails app was created, it’s helpful to look at the slow way of doing the same thing:

The Slow Way

1. Make a directory for your app and change into that directory

mkdir my_app

cd my_app

2. Create a subdirectory for each of the subfolders

mkdir app

mkdir config

etc.

3. Create the files that go inside the subdirectories, as well as the free-standing files that are not contained in a subdirectory

touch Gemfile (not inside a subdirectory)

touch routes.rb (not inside a subdirectory)

touch config/environments/development.rb (this file is inside the config/environments subdirectory)

etc.

4. Open each of those files and set some basic configuration settings, such as which database will be used and which gems (packages of pre-written code) will be included.

“Rails new” creates 40+ subdirectories and files, so doing this manually would take quite a while.

However, many of the files that it creates are only used in highly complex apps, and if it wasn’t so much easier to type “rails new”, you would probably create just a fraction of the files that are automatically created.

In the blog post Minimal Rails, Scott Raymond shows how you can create a Rails app with just 6 subdirectories: app, app/controllers, config, config/environments, log and public. It’s a great exercise for understanding the basic Rails framework.

Most apps will use more than the 6 subdirectories listed in Minimal Rails, but less than the “Rails new” command generates.

We’ll look into what each of those subdirectories does in a future post.

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